|Created in 1830, Coles County included most of present-day Coles, Douglas, and Cumberland Counties.|
|1843-59, Coles County included present-day Coles and Douglas counties.||
|From 1859, Coles County and all Illinois counties
laid out as present-day counties.
Coles County Townships (19th century): North Okaw, Humbolt, Seven Hickory, Morgan, East Oakland, Mattoon, Lafayette, Charleston, Ashmore, Paradise, Pleasant Grove, Hutton.Coles
County towns and villages (19th century) [brackets = on border of county]: Fuller, Cooks Mills, Humboldt, Fairgrange, Bushton, Rardin, [Coles], Mattoon, Dorans, Loxa, Charleston, McPherson, Ashmore, Magnet, Montgomery, Lerna, Etna, Trilla, [Janesville], Campbell, Diona, Hutton
|Population density remained low in the area outside the river bottom lands (including northern and western Coles County) until (a) the introduction of the self-scouring plow to break up the prairie, and (b) railroad construction.||Railroads in Coles County began in 1855. Mattoon was part of the north-south line, the Illinois Central Railroad. Later, an east-west line was constructed through Charleston.|
last updated January 29, 2001
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